Mussoorie is a city about 30 km from Dehradun and in Dehradun district This hill station, situated in the foothills of the Himalaya ranges, is also known as the Queen of the Hills. The adjoining town of Landour, which includes a military cantonment, is considered part of 'greater Mussoorie', as are the townships of Barlowganj and Jharipani.
Being at an average altitude of 2,000 meters (6,600 ft), Mussoorie, with its green hills and varied flora and fauna, is a fascinating hill resort. Commanding snow ranges to the north-east, and glittering views of the Doon Valley and Shiwalik ranges in the south, the town was once said to present a 'fairyland' atmosphere to tourists.
The history of Mussoorie dates back to 1825 when Captain Young, an adventurous British military officer, together with a Mr. Shore, the resident Superintendent of Revenues at Dehradun explored the present site and jointly constructed a shooting lodge. This laid the foundation of this holiday resort which now has few rivals.
The name Mussoorie is often attributed to a derivation of 'mansoor', a shrub which is indigenous to the area. The town is in fact often referred to as 'Mansoori' by locals.
Mussoorie has a
beautiful nature walk known as "Camel's
Back Road". This road takes its name from mountain outcrop
in the shape of a camel's hump. Along the camel back, a beautiful cemetery is
located about mid-way on the loop. There is also "Gun Hill"
where cannons were kept for the defense of Mussoorie. Gun Hill is accessible by
the cable car on the Mall road. The oldest Christian church in the
Himalayas, St Mary's, is situated above Mall Road, and is currently undergoing
falls is a nice picnic spot.
Company Garden is popular tourist destination. During season, the Company Garden has beautiful collection of flowers and plants. Happy Valley has a small Tibetan temple. This was the first Tibetan temple built in India. The temple was constructed in 1960 by the Tibetan refugees. Lal Tibba is another tourist spot of Mussoorie. Beautiful Dhanaulti is about 24 kilometers from Mussorie. Mussoorie also had India's largest roller skating rink. Mussoorie is a popular destination for honeymooning couples, mainly because of its relatively cool climes and calm and lovely environment.